Recording the damage in its wake is how meteorologists rank a tornado's severity. The F scale, named for University of Chicago meteorologist Ted Fujita, is based on the havoc wrought by tornadic winds-not on an actual measurement of those winds. The Utica tornado was deemed an F3, meaning that, based on the destruction the meteorologists observed, it probably had packed winds of between 158 and 206 m.p.h. It's a mystery why some thunderstorms turn into the supercell variety, whose organized rotating updrafts explode into tornadoes. The questions keep scientists such as Pietrycha, who's worked at the weather service for two years, relentlessly searching a tornado's dark heart. For more advanced cases, the traditional approach is a surgery in which the surgeon removes some bone and inserts a pin into the toe. For four to six weeks, the pin keeps the previously bent toe immobilized while its bones fuse. Though the surgery is effective, the patient has a pin sticking out of her toe - and when she begins walking, if she isn’t careful, the pin itself can get caught on things or hit the ground. The author of this article has been a podiatrist in past now turned into an online consultant and writer. His insightful articles have saved many people from painful foot surgeries. Flexible hammertoes. If the toe still can be moved at the joint, it's a flexible hammertoe. That's good, because this is an earlier, milder form of the problem. There may be several treatment options. The muscles of each toe work in pairs. When the toe muscles get out of balance, a hammertoe can form. Muscle imbalance puts a lot of pressure on the toe's tendons and joints. This pressure forces the toe into a hammerhead shape. These are the feet of TV and film star Tara Reid. Notice the hammer toes. Perhaps she should give up the footwear that’s causing the problem. If you want to keep your favorite shoes, you could use a stretcher to accommodate the joint change and to prevent additional pressure that can worsen the deformity. As long as the toe box is long enough and deep enough to prevent bending the toe , stretching the shoes should work. A similar condition is called mallet toe The difference has to do with which joint is affected. If the swelling or deformity affects the joint furthest away from the main part of the foot, nearest to the end of the toe , then it is mallet toe THE GALL BLADDER MERIDIAN (yang)- The gall bladder is complementary to the liver meridian (yin). This meridian goes from the temples, over the head, then down the side of the torso ending at the back of the fourth toe. The muscles connected are the deltoid; this abducts, flexes, extends and turns the arm (laterally and medially) ; and the popliteus, this flexes and turns the leg (medially) THE STOMACH MERIDIAN (yang)- The stomach meridian compliments the spleen/ pancreas meridian (yin). Food and drink are broken down in the stomach (with the help of the spleen/pancreas) to prepare for the vital nutrients being absorbed into the body.