Calluses are hardened areas of the skin caused by repeated friction and pressure. If the callus is left unattended for a long time, it may become painful and cause a major discomfort. Women are more susceptible to calluses on the feet, especially those who wear high-heels all the time. One of the best possible ways to prevent this is to wear more comfortable shoes and making a wise decision on your choice of daily footwear. Corns and calluses aren’t a serious health threat, but they can make your feet feel tired and sore. They’re also easy to get rid of. Here’s what you need to do. The only way to permanently remove a callous is to remove the cause. Hence, unless you are totally sedentary and bedridden, you are likely to have one or more callous on your feet. Calluses do unfortunately sometimes return and return no matter how often you scrape them off. In truth they provide a profitable line of repeat business for pedicurists! One practical tip is to use a foot file with medium grit sand paper on one side and fine grit on the other, to file down the dead skin on heels and balls of the feet. ((you could substitute a pumice stone for the foot file if preferred) Then, you have to become annoyingly fastidious about foot grooming. Meaning, getting a callous cutter (the scary ones with the razor blade insert) and using it aggressively a couple of times a week, and using corn remover pads for incipient corns. Then, get toe-vagina-butt cream (aka vaginal yeast cream , the cheapest way to get antifungal stuff over the counter, excellent for diaper rash too) and rub your feet with it daily to decrease fungus growth. Callouses are just tough patches of skin. It's not much to worry about! Many dancers prefer to have them because it toughens up your skin and reduces the risk of blisters. Fall will be here very soon and as the leaves start to change colors so will your shoe wardrobe. Enjoying the luxury of being able to wear fashion and casual sandals as well as flip flops for the last 5 months was a welcomed relief for your feet. They were free and happy walking on soft sandy beaches along the ocean. Those lumps and bumps which usually get red and irritated in closed shoes had a nice vacation and had a chance to calm down. You know the ones, Ouch! So, start rotating your shoes and tuck the summer ones in, so they can get some rest. Heel spurs are small calcium deposits that can grow on the bottom of your heel bone. People usually develop heel spurs with a condition called plantar fasciitis, which inflames the plantar fascia, the tissue that connects the foot bones to form the arch of the foot. Plantar fasciitis does not develop overnight but rather builds up gradually from repetitive stress. Severe plantar fasciitis may require surgery. You can help reduce and eliminate the pain of heel spurs by following a few steps. Podiatrists are medical doctors specializing in treatment of the feet. Although there is no set pricing, a podiatrist visit often costs less than a general practitioner's visit. A bunion is an enlarged bone on the side of the big toe. This is due to an outward deviation of the bone, creating an angled joint. Depending on the severity of the bunion, the big toe may be angled mildly or sharply toward the other toes, sometimes overlapping or under lapping. The protuberant joint can become irritated and inflamed in shoes. The skin over the joint becomes painful and tender. If the irritation of the joint continues, then over time, bursitis or arthritis may occur, causing more difficulty with walking. Luckily this is a problem that almost always responds quickly to conservative treatment. Since the problem is too much pressure on the 2nd metatarsal head, the solution is to reduce this pressure. There are several ways to reduce pressure on the metatarsal. The most effective method is to use a custom orthotic that conforms extremely close to the arch of the foot. This type of orthotic, called a “ total contact orthotic ” has been shown in multiple studies to be the most effective method to reduce pressure under the ball of the foot ( list of articles available on this page ). Traumatized toenails are common in ballerinas. Toenails cut too short, especially on the medial edge, may lead to ingrown toe nails and increase the risk of infection. The great toenail is most often traumatized and has been shown to bend while on pointe. 16 Subungual hematomas and onycholysis of the great toenail are common. 16 Posterior impingement syndrome describes a syndrome of pain and impingement in the posterior ankle. 21 It can occur secondary to either an os trigonum, prominent posterior process of the talus, or prominence of the dorsum of the calcaneus. In ballerinas, this syndrome occurs from the repetitive plantar flexion required in ballet, including dancing on pointe.